of the times - Israel in the News
11, 2005 17:54
petitioned on Temple Mt. cornerstone ceremony
Jerusalem Post STAFF
The Loyalists of the Temple Mount movement petitioned the High
Court of Justice Tuesday to allow its members to go up to the
Temple Mount during the Succot holiday in order to perform a
ceremonial libation of water on what they referred to as the
cornerstone of the Third Temple.
petitioners said that the Jerusalem Police had given them
permission to carry the stone throughout the city beforehand, as
long as the procession stayed away from the old city, Israel Radio
Sunday, October 09, 2005
New Dead Sea Scroll Fragments
The latest discovery;
two small fragments
of animal skin, brown
with age, with Leviticus 23:38-39 and 43-44 inscribed in
There is only one place on
earth where an unending stream of evidence substantiating the Bible
is discovered year after year. Granted, it’s been 40 years since the major discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls thrilled biblical archaeologists and others who love the Word of God.
The newest Dead Sea Scroll fragments are now in the hands of the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA). How they got there is an intriguing story in itself. About a year ago, Professor Chanan Eshel, an archaeologist at Bar Ilan University in Tel Aviv, was summoned to an abandoned police station near the Dead Sea for a clandestine meeting with a Bedouin Arab. After explaining that he’d been offered $20,000 on the black market, the man asked Eshel to evaluate the fragments. It would be hard to describe the emotions that surged through the professor’s heart as he examined the skins. “I was jealous that he had found them instead of me,” said Eshel, who has worked in the Judean Desert for nearly 20 years. “I was also very excited, though I didn’t believe I would ever see them again.” Months later, after learning that the fragments had not left the country, Eshel bought them with $3,000 provided by Bar Ilan. The skins were turned over to the IAA, which is now testing them for authenticity. They are the 15th find in this area and date to the Second Revolt against the Romans under Bar-Kochba.
The discovery sparked renewed hope among biblical archaeologists that the Judean Desert has much yet to yield. “No scrolls have been found in the Judean Desert since 1965,” said Eshel. “This [find] encourages scholars to believe that if they bother to excavate, survey and climb, they will still find things in the Judean Desert. The common perception has been that there is nothing left to find there, but that is clearly wrong.”
more Archaeology articles click here
Post - August, 2005
nearly 2000 years there is a New Sanhedrin in Jerusalem
is a nation. The Jews have returned first from the East, then from
the West, next they came from the North and finally they are
coming from the South in the exact order as Isaiah 43:5-6
foretells. The preparations for the temple on the mount are
complete. Israel is surrounded by enemies and anti-Semitism is
rising all over the world. A peace plan is being brokered with
those who hate the Jews and want no peace. Prophetic scripture is
being fulfilled in this generation whether those who identify with
Christianity acknowledge it or not.
Israeli rabbinical council involved with re-establishing the
Sanhedrin, is calling upon all groups involved in Temple Mount
research to prepare detailed architectural plans for the
reconstruction of the Jewish Holy Temple.
Sanhedrin was a 71-man assembly of rabbis that convened adjacent
to the Holy Temple before its destruction in 70 AD and outside
Jerusalem until about 400 AD.
followed the election earlier this week of Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz
as temporary president of a group aspiring to become Judaism's
highest-ranking legal-religious tribunal.
although Steinsaltz's involvement with the endeavor adds important
rabbinic legitimacy, other major halachic authorities, including
Rabbi Yosef Shalom Elyashiv, the leading haredi Ashkenazi
spiritual leader, and Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, the premier Sephardi
halachic opinion, have refused repeated requests to offer their
the group will establish a forum of architects and engineers to
begin plans for rebuilding the Temple a move fraught with
religious and political volatility.
group, which calls itself the Sanhedrin, is calling on the Jewish
people to contribute toward the acquisition of materials for the
purpose of rebuilding the Temple including the gathering and
preparation of prefabricated, disassembled portions to be stored
and ready for rapid assembly, "in the manner of King
Hillel Weiss, spokesman for the burgeoning Sanhedrin, said in an
official statement that because of "concerns that external
pressure would be brought to bear upon individuals not to take
part in the establishment of a Sanhedrin, the names of most
participants have been withheld up to this point."
increasingly anti-Jewish decisions handed down by the Supreme
Court prove the need for an alternative legal system based on
Jewish sources," said Weiss. "More and more people,
including Torah scholars, are beginning to understand this."
addition to the election of Steinsaltz, the rabbis present also
chose a seven-man committee, headed by him, to campaign for the
acceptance of the idea of a Sanhedrin.
chosen include Rabbi Nachman Kahane, brother of murdered Jewish
Defense League and Kach leader Rabbi Meir Kahane. Kahane is the
rabbi of the Young Israel of Jerusalem's Old City and heads an
organized study of Temple rituals and ceremonies, as well as
cataloging all known kohanim (priests) in Israel.
on the committee are Rabbi Dov Levanoni, an 83-year-old
Chabad-Lubavitch rabbi and expert on the Holy Temple; Yisrael
Ariel, founder of the Temple Institute in Jerusalem; and Rabbi
Yoel Shwartz, founder and rabbi of the "Nahal Haredi"
Israeli Defense Forces unit specifically designed to enable the
haredi public to join the IDF, and teacher at Yeshivat Dvar
Yerushalayim who has authored about 200 books on a wide variety of
subjects in Jewish law and theology.
is best known for his translation and commentary on the Talmud,
but he has also served as resident scholar at Princeton and Yale
Universities. He heads a network of Israeli educational
institutions called Mekor Chaim and outreach programs in the U.S.,
the former Soviet Union, Great Britain and Australia. He is also a
past recipient of the Israel Prize.
Sanhedrin was reestablished last October in Tiberias, the place of
its last meeting 1,600 years ago. Since then, it has met in
Jerusalem on a monthly basis.
for a Jewish judge and the operation of the Sanhedrin.
excerpt from Rabbi Kaplan's Handbook of Jewish Thought.
Sanhedrin was the supreme council of Israel . As long as it stood,
it was the supreme court and legislative body in all matters of
Torah law. As such, the Sanhedrin was entrusted with keeping and
interpreting the Oral Torah.
It is a
positive commandment to set up courts to interpret and decide
questions of Torah law. It is thus written, "You shall
appoint judges and officers in all your gates, which God is giving
you" (Deut. 16:18).
commandment includes the communal responsibility to appoint a duly
ordained Sanhedrin. This precedes the establishment of other
Sanhedrin consisted of 71 judges. God thus commanded Moses,
"Gather to Me 70 men of the elders of Israel ... and bring
them to the Tent of Meeting, so that they should stand there with
you" (Numbers 11:16). This was the first Sanhedrin. Counting
Moses himself, it consisted of 71 members.
the membership of the Sanhedrin is fixed by the Torah, its number
cannot be changed.
it was permitted to allow outside sages to enter into the
deliberations of the Sanhedrin without voting privileges. Cases
are therefore sometimes found in which a greater number
participate in a decision.
Sanhedrin could not render judgment unless its entire membership
was present. If a member was absent, however, a temporary
substitute could be appointed.
leading sage of the Sanhedrin was appointed as its head, taking
the place of Moses in the first Sanhedrin. His official title was
"Head of the Sitting" (Rosh HaYeshiva). Later, however,
he was referred to as the "President" (Nasi).
judgment issued by the Sanhedrin in the absence of the Nasi was
second-ranking sage of the Sanhedrin was appointed as assistant to
the Nasi. He was known as the "Master of the Court" (Av
Beit Din). Both he and the Nasi were voting members of the
Sanhedrin would sit in a semicircle, so that all its members would
be able to see each other. They would also have an equal view of
all witnesses testifying.
respect for the Nasi, the Av Beit Din would sit at the extreme
right. He would be followed by the Nasi, and then by the rest of
the Sanhedrin in order of their capability.