In the Roman Catholic church, the non Biblical act of a priest in
pronouncing the remission of sin, its eternal punishment, or the
canonical penalties attached to it. As opposed to the God ordained
teaching of imploring God's forgiveness by acceptance of Jesus'
Liability of being called to account for ones actions
acolyte: (Greek, "follower"). A lay person, usually a child or young adult, who assist ministers in worship services.
One who is devoted or attached, as to a cause or a leader
The birth of Christ; the future second coming of Christ
The social meal or love feast of the early Christians which
usually accompanied the Eucharist
One who holds the mistaken theory that God is unknown or
Albigensian: One of the sect of religious reformers during the
11th to 13th centuries in the south of France, suppressed for
their heretical doctrines
Amen: The final word of a prayer; means "so be it"
Amish: (also Amish Mennonites) Conservative group in the USA and Canada arising from a division within the Swiss Brethren in Alsace under the leadership of Jakob Ammann (c.1656-1730). Further divisions
occurred after the Amish migrated to North America, but most are members of the Old Order Amish Mennonite Church. Amish are similar to other Mennonites in doctrine and practice, but the former worship in private homes instead of a church, wear "plain" dress and retain the use of German in their services. There were about 35,000 baptized members in 1984.
One of a sect that arose in Zurich in 1523 among the followers of
Zwingli, who started the Reformation in Switzerland and advocated
opposition to infant baptism, and believed that only such persons
as had been baptized after a confession of faith in Christ
constituted a real church
anathema: (Greek, "suspended"). Condemned; cut off from the church. The word is used in Galatians 1:8 and I Corinthians 16:22 to denote separation from the Christian community, and it was often used in the conclusion of creeds to condemn those who held incorrect beliefs; e.g., "If anyone should say that ... let him be anathema." The earliest recorded instance of formally anathemizing was at the Council of Elvira, c. 306 AD. Anathema is generally considered more serious than excommunication, which excludes a person from sacraments and worship but not the Christian community.
Anglican: A worldwide branch of the Protestant church led by the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Those of an order of spiritual beings endowed by God with
immortality, attendant upon God; heavenly and earthly guardians,
ministering spirits, and messengers to Christians.
The incorrect doctrine that the finally impenitent will be totally
annihilated after death. As opposed to the Biblical teaching that
the unrepentant will continue to exist and will suffer eternal punishment
In Roman Catholicism, the announcement of the Incarnation to Mary
by an angel
Putting oil on as a sign of consecration, as in a religious
The non-scriptural belief that frees the Christian from the
obligations of the moral law
The book of Revelation, the last book of the New Testament. Also
refers to the final earthly battle between good and evil.
(Lit. Greek "out of the writings") Fourteen books of the Septuagint in the Vulgate but not in the
canonical Hebrew Scriptures nor in the Authorized Version. . Books not included in the Hebrew canon of the Old Testament, but included in the Greek Septuagint. Catholic and Orthodox Christans include the Apocrypha in the canon of scripture; Protestant Christians do not. Apocryphal books are Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, Song of the Three Children, Susanna, Bel and the Drago, The Prayer of Manasseh, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and additions to Esther.
(Greek apostolos, "one sent out") The twelve followers of Jesus; means "a person who is sent to preach the gospel".
Apostles' creed: The oldest statement of belief in the church, based on the teachings of the Apostles.
apologetics: (Latin apologia, "defense") The branch of theology which deals with the
defensive facts and proofs of Christianity
One who is guilty of desertion of one's faith, religion, party, or
principles. Common term used is "back slider".
According to the doctrine or practice of the apostles
Apostolic Fathers: Group of Christian leaders and writers from the late first and early second centuries A.D. These authors were not apostles themselves, but had close proximity to the apostles, either by personal relationship or close connection with apostolic teaching. Examples include Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, Papias, Pseudo-Barnabas, the Didache, the Second Epistle of Clement, the Shepherd of Hermas, and The Apostle's Creed.
apostolic succession: Doctrine that the authority of ordained clergy (to perform valid sacraments and teach right doctrine) derives from an unbroken succession of valid ordinations beginning with the apostles.
An angel of highest rank; in Christian belief, usually Michael
archbishop: In Catholicism and Anglicanism, a bishop who oversees the other bishops in the province. In the Episcopal Church, the archbishop is called the Presiding Bishop.
Belief, taught by Arius in the 4th century, that Christ was created by the Father, and although greater than man he is inferior to the Father. Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, wrote and campaigned against Arianism. It was delcared a heresy at the Council of Nicea in 325.
In Biblical prophecy, the scene of a great battle between the
forces of good and evil, to occur at the end of the world
The bodily ascent of Christ into heaven after the Resurrection
The belief that one can attain to a high intellectual or spiritual
level through solitude, mortification of the flesh, and devotional
The non Bible based doctrine that the Mary was bodily taken up
into heaven at her death
One who denies or disbelieves in the existence of God
The reconciliation between God and man effected by Christ's life,
passion, death, and resurrection.
A sacrament in which water is used to initiate the recipient into
a Christian church, to symbolize purification, to acknowledge
consecration to Christ, etc. Involves immersing, sprinkling or anointing with water. Regarded as a sacrament by Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant Christians. Most denominations practice infant baptism; some only baptize adult believers.
Baptists: One of the largest Protestant denominations, with 40 million members (and many more non-member adherents) worldwide and 26.7 million in the United States. The Baptist tradition has its roots in the Anabaptist movement of the Reformation and English Puritan John Smyth (1554-1612). Its most notable distinction is its rejection of infant baptism. Today, most Baptists in American belong either to the Southern Baptist Convention or the American Baptist Convention.
In the Roman Catholic church, the non Biblically based act of the
Pope declaring a deceased person beatified (declared as blessed)
and worthy of a certain degree of public honor, usually the last
step toward canonization
Eight declarations of special blessedness pronounced by Jesus in
the Sermon on the Mount
Religious faith in Jesus as the savior
An afflictive loss, as by death
The writings of the Old and New Testaments, as accepted by the
Christian Church as a divine revelation.
Blasphemy: Words that are spoken against God.
Blessed: Rewarded, by being highly favored by God.
Books of daily offices and prayers for the canonical hours
(Greek kanon, "rule" or "reference point"). A fixed group of writings considered inspired and authoritative. The New Testament canon consists of 37 books.
The non Biblically based "official declaration" of a deceased Christian to be a "saint." In the Catholic church, saints are canonized by the pope (since the 13th cent.) and must have performed at least two miracles. In the Orthodox church, saints are canonized by synods of regional bishops. Protestants do not canonize.
A non-metrical hymn, as one with words taken directly from the
Bible text, to be chanted, as in certain church services
(Greek katecheo, "instruct"). A class or manual on the basics of Christian doctrine and practice, usually as a precursor to confirmation or baptism. Catechisms normally include lessons on the creeds, the Lord's Prayer and the Ten Commandments, as well as the Hail Mary in Roman Catholicism.
catholic: Universal. A term used by the early Christians to designate the universal Christian faith. When the eastern church split from the western in 1054 AD, the West retained this term and became known as Roman Catholic. Churches in the East are known as Greek, Eastern or Russian Orthodox.
Even though this term was addressed to all Christians, it
is still mistakenly believed by some as
being addressed only to the Catholic Church of Rome.
The aiming at or proclaiming peculiar purity of life or doctrine
as practiced by the Novatians (3rd century), the Albigenses (12th
century), and various others
In Scripture, angelic beings, especially as represented on the ark
of the covenant, typifying the presence and power of the Deity
The Anointed; the Messiah; the deliverer of Israel and all mankind
whose coming was foretold by the Hebrew prophets. As in Jesus
Christ; the Son of the Living God
Christening: Another word for Baptism.
Christian(s): Those who follow the teachings of Jesus Christ.
The Christian religion. Followers of Jesus Christ as Lord and
(Old English Christes masse, "Christ's mass") A non Biblically based church festival observed annually on
December 25 in memory of the birth of Jesus Christ
Church: (Greek kuriakon, "belonging to the Lord"). The worldwide body of Christian believers, a particular denomination or congregation, or the building in which they meet. The study of the nature of the church is ecclesiology.
The act of cutting off the prepuce or, in females, the inner
labia, especially as a religious rite; the initiatory rite of
Judaism, also practiced by Moslems
The whole body of men set apart by ordination for the service of
God in the Christian church: distinguished from laity
A treatise in annotation or explanation, as of the Scriptures
The Eucharist, or the act of celebrating or partaking of it: often
called Holy Communion
A formulary of public worship embodying a general admission of
common sinfulness, used in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and other
One of the seven Catholic sacraments, and a practice in some Protestant churches, in which a baptized young adult (usually aged 13) confirms his or her continuing commitment to the Christian faith. Confirmation is usually preceded by a period of education called
A form of church polity in which each local congregation is
autonomous in all ecclesiastical matters
The act of separating from a common to a sacred use
A life of prayer and meditation as practiced by certain Roman
A feeling of repentance for sin, with an intention to amend,
arising from love of God and consideration of His goodness, or
from inferior motives, as a fear of punishment
The act of turning or being turned to religious belief
The general science or philosophy of the universe
God's promise of blessing to be fulfilled on the performance of a
condition, as of obedience
The act of creating; especially, in a theological sense, the
original act of God in bringing all that is seen and unseen into
A formal summary of religious belief; an authoritative statement
An ancient instrument of torture in the form of a cross, on which
criminals were fastened and exposed until they died from
An idol, usually of a cross bearing an effigy of Christ crucified
Death upon the cross; especially, that of Christ on Mount Calvary
Crusades: (Lat. cruciata, "cross-marked") Wars fought against enemies of the Christian faith, primarily the Muslim Turks in the period 1095 to 1291, but later against other infidels and heretics.
cult of the saints: The body of religious non-Biblical beliefs and practices pertaining to the veneration of saints and their relics. Prayers are addressed to the saints in the hope that they will intercede with God on the behalf of believers. Saints are believed to have accumulated a "treasury of merit" which can be used for the benefit of believers.
Day of Judgment:
Takes place at the end of this age, after
the millennial reign of Jesus on earth, called the "Great
White Throne judgment" in the Bible; when all people, living
and dead, will be judged by God.
The setting apart for sacred use
One who subscribes to or professes the belief in the existence of
a personal God, based solely on the testimony of reason and
rejecting any supernatural revelation; also believing that God
created the world and set it into motion, subject to natural laws,
but takes no interest in it
An evil spirit under the direction of Satan, but ultimately
under the authority of God
A body of Christians having a distinguishing name
Pertaining to or constituting a second canon: applied to the books
or parts of books of the Old or New Testament whose authenticity
and inspiration were at first contested and afterward admitted by
the Roman Catholic Church; in Protestant churches, the contested
parts of the Old Testament being considered extra-canonical
In Jewish and Christian theology, the prince and ruler of the
kingdom of evil; in general terms; any subordinate evil spirit
diocese: A geographical region headed by a bishop, which usually includes several congregations. In Orthodoxy, a diocese is called an eparchy.
Disciple: A person who follows the teachings of Jesus.
Pertaining to one of several systems or bodies of law in which at
several times God has revealed His mind and will to man, or the
continued state of things resulting from the operation of one of
The quality or character of being divine
That which is held to be true by any person, sect, or school;
especially, in religion, a tenet, or body of tenets
The principles of a fourth century, schismatic sect of North
Africa, named for Donatus, who was a bishop and the founder
A hymn or verse of praise to God; a formula of praise, used as the
closing words of a sermon
A Christian festival commemorating the resurrection of Christ,
however in secular use today as a form of children's entertainment
Eastern Orthodox: A group of Christians mainly in Russia and Greece who split from the Catholic church in 1054.
(Greek ekklesia, "church") Of or pertaining to the church, especially considered as an
organized and governing power.
ecclesiology: (Greek ekklesia, "church"). Branch of theology dealing with the doctrine of the church.
The study of the organization, government, liturgy, and ritual of
the Christian church
Belonging to or accepted by the Christian church throughout the
ecumenical council: A council of the Christian church at which representatives from several regions are present. To be distinguished from a "synod," which is a meeting of the local church.
One whose studies and embrace all sciences
Having a government vested in bishops
A written message: more formal than a letter, and especially
applied to ancient epistolary writings of sacred character or of
Branch of theology dealing with end times or last things. Includes such subjects as the afterlife, the Day of Judgment, the Second Coming, and the end of the world.
The branch of theology that treats of death, resurrection,
immortality, the end of the world, the final judgment, and the
An endless or limitless time; faced by all men due to their
Comes from the Greek word meaning "Thanksgiving". It is based on the events that happened at the last supper.
A Christian sacrament in which bread and wine are consecrated,
distributed, and consumed in commemoration of the passion and
death of Christ
The zealous preaching or spreading of the gospel
Denoting the adherents of a school of Protestant theology
stressing the divine inspiration, authority, and sufficiency of
the Scriptures, the fallen state of man, salvation by faith in the
redeeming work of Christ, and spiritual regeneration given by God,
and denying in whole or in part the efficacy of the sacraments and
the authority of the Catholic church of Rome
Evil: Things that are not of God
The non Biblical and non scientifically sound theory that
all forms of life originated by descent, with gradual or abrupt
modifications, from preexisting forms which themselves trace
backward in a continuing series to the most rudimentary
organisms. Yet this theory fails to explain or even address
the origin of these same rudimentary organisms or the existence of
time and space within which they existed.
excommunication: A penalty imposed by the Catholic Church prohibiting a person from receiving or administering sacraments or holding church office.
The explanation of the language and thought of a literary work;
especially Biblical exposition or interpretation
Admonition; earnest advice
The act of casting out evil spirits by prayers or incantations
Belief without evidence as in trusting God instead of
In Christian theology, the transgression of Adam and Eve recorded
in Genesis 3
Going without food, wholly or in part, as in observance of a
religious duty, used in a spiritual cleansing, and
specifically spoken of by Jesus as necessary for spiritual
The non Biblical belief in self-scourging as a means of religious
washing: A religious ceremony performed by certain sects in
remembrance of the washing of the disciples' feet by Jesus. A
humbling experience expressing humility and a heart of servitude
toward their fellow man.
The act of granting pardon for or remission of (something)
will: The power of self-determination regarded as a special
faculty given to man by God
Speaking in tongues, a striking phenomenon of primitive
Garden of Eden: The original home of Adam and Eve before the fall.
Gethsemane: A garden where Jesus prayed just before His
arrest, the night before His crucifixion.
A philosophical and religious system (1st to 6th century) teaching
that knowledge rather than faith was the key to salvation
God: He who was, and is, and, is forevermore. He who had no
beginning and has no end. The great "I Am". The creator
of all seen and unseen, including us. He that loved the world so
much that He gave His only begotten Son as a sacrifice for sin in
that who so ever should believe in Him would not perish, but would
have eternal life. The Father of Jesus.
Golden Rule: A term used by Christians referring to the
quote by Jesus as 'Love your neighbour as yourself' (Mark 12:31).
(Greek evangelion; Old English godspel, "good news"). The content of Christian preaching; that is, that Christ died to save humans from the penalty of sin and reunite them with God. When capitalized, the word usually refers to one of the first four books of the New Testament, which relate the life of Christ.
The unmerited love and favor of God in Christ; hence, the free and
undeserved gift of divine favor in the justification and then sanctification of sinners. The Greek term charis, usually translated in English as "grace," is about 150 times in the New Testament, mostly in the Pauline epistles.
The third of the three ancient divisions of the Old Testament,
comprising all books not reckoned in the Law or the Prophets
halo: In Christian art and symbolism, a circle or disc of light around the head. It was used in the Hellenistic period for gods and demi-gods and later for Roman emperors, and was not adopted by Christians until the 3rd or 4th centuries. In modern Catholicism, a halo is permitted only for saints.
The abode of God and the blest spirits; the eternal dwelling place
or state of existence of righteous (through Christ) souls in the presence
of God after their life on earth
Hebrew Scripture: Called the Tenakh consists of 3 parts: the Torah (Law), the Nevi'im (Prophets) and the Ketuvim (Writings) Sometimes called the Old Testament.
Used extensively by Jesus as a reference to God's laws.
Contains multiple references to the coming Messiah, all fulfilled
in Jesus first coming and also to His (Jesus') triumphal return
and millennial reign in the last days.
The word used in English translations of the Bible for both the Hebrew Sheol (the place of the departed) and the Greek Gehenna (the place of punishment for the wicked after death). In Christian theology, hell is generally believed to be the place or state into which unrepentant sinners pass after this life. The popular idea of Hell as a place of punishment and fire derives from such NT passages as Matthew 13:42 and 25:30, Revelation 2:11, 20:14, 21:8 and others.
The place of eternal punishment, of extreme torment, etc.; the
abode of evil spirits and humans that died with out forgiveness of
God; eternal separation from God with full awareness
A doctrinal view of belief at variance with the recognized tenets
of a system, church, school, or party
The science or art of interpretation, especially of the Scriptures
The first six books of the Bible considered as constituting one
Holy Communion: Another name for the Eucharist.
Week: In the Christian church, the week before Easter
The branch of rhetoric that treats of the composition and delivery
homily: A message delivered to lay Christians for their edification; sermon.
Desire accompanied by expectation
The intellectual, scientific, and literary movement of the 14th to
16th centuries which exalted Greek and Roman culture and learning.
Again seen in today's humanistic movements where as the creature
(man kind) is worshiped over the Creator (God).
A song expressive of praise, adoration, or elevated emotion;
specifically, a metrical composition, divided into stanzas,
intended to be sung in religious worship
union: The union of two natures in the one person of Christ
In the Greek Church, a holy picture, mosaic, or related object
Conception: In the Roman Catholic Church and also a Christian
doctrine that the virgin Mary was conceived in her mother's womb
without the stain of original sin: distinguished from Virgin Birth
Eternal life after death
The assumption of the human nature by Jesus Christ as the second
person of the Trinity. AS written in the gospel of John: "The Word became flesh (Lat. carne) and dwelt among us."
In the Roman Catholic Church, the heretical belief that man (Priests)
can offer remission of punishment still due to sin
after forgiveness through Jesus, either in this world or in
purgatory. In Roman Catholicism, a partial remission of temporal (non-eternal) punishment for sin after the guilt of sin has been forgiven through
penance and not through the forgiving sacrifice of Jesus. The man
made concept of indulgences grew out of the non-Biblical beliefs that (1) divine justice demanded the sinner pay for his or her misdeeds even though they have been forgiven, either in this life or in Purgatory; (2) giving alms to the church is a penitential work; and (3) the church possessed a treasury of merit earned by the saints that could be applied to sinners. By the late Middle Ages, the system of indulgences was rampantly abused, and greedy ecclesiastics and hired salesmen sold tickets to heaven in order to fund expensive building projects and line their own pockets. The abuses were
"officially stopped" at the reforming Council of Trent in 1562, and
yet still today, the non-Biblical teaching that one
should do good works, instead of paying money to earn indulgences,
is foisted on a gullible church membership. However
the sale of prayers and indulgences continues within the Catholic
church and its associated organizations. To see what God thinks of
prayers and indulgences being sold; consider the Lord Jesus'
attitude toward those that made a market place of His Father's
temple. He made a whip of cords and drove them out.
A court or tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church for the
discovery, examination, and punishment of heretics; specifically,
the ecclesiastical tribunal for the discovery and punishment of
heretics (those that disagreed with their interpretation of
scripture), active in central and southern Europe in the 13th
Entreaty in behalf of others. As in interceding in prayer to God
for blessings on behalf of loved ones and enemies.
The doctrines taught by Cornelis Jansen, emphasizing
predestination and the irresistibility of God's grace, and denying
Of, relating to, or having the characteristics of the Apostle John
or the New Testament books whose authorship is ascribed to him.
The final award or sentence of the human race as declared by God.
One of God's attributes, by virtue of which He wills equal laws
and makes just awards
The forensic, juridical, or gracious act of God by which the
sinner is declared righteous, or justly free from obligation to
penalty, and fully restored to divine favor through acceptance of
the sacrifice of Jesus
vernacular Greek dialect in first-century Roman provinces. Believed to be the
original text of the New Testament
The people, as distinguished from the clergy
Supper: The last meal that Jesus had before the crucifixion. At this meal Jesus
asked the bread and the wine be shared in memory of Him.
on of hands: A form used in consecrating to office, in the
rite of confirmation, and in blessing persons and consisting in
laying the hands upon the head of the person on whom the divine
blessing is invoked
A book or table of lessons for church service
A non Biblically required Roman Catholic fast of forty days
(Excluding Sundays), observed annually from Ash Wednesday till
Easter as a season of penitence and self-denial
of the children: A non Biblical belief in a fictitious region
on the edge of hell to which are consigned the souls of infants
who died before baptism
of the fathers: A non Biblical belief in a fictitious
region on the edge of hell to which are consigned the souls of the
righteous who died before the coming of Christ
A liturgical form of prayer, consisting of a series of different
supplications said by the clergy, to which the choir or people
repeat the same response
A collection of prescribed forms for public worship
Lord's Prayer: The prayer that Jesus gave to his disciples.
The creative Word of God, the second person of the Trinity,
incarnate as Jesus Christ, identified with cosmic reason
Satan, especially as the leader of the revolt of the angels before
his fall from heaven.
Luther, Martin: (1483-1546) German monk and professor whose questioning of church practices led to the Protestant Reformation.
Bible scripture astute
Christians today no longer accept his teachings as being Holy
Spirit guided due to his anti-Semitic ranting.
A dualistic religious philosophy developed by the Persian Manes
and his followers in which goodness, typified as light, God, or
the soul, is represented as in conflict with evil, typified by
darkness, Satan, or the body: taught from the 3rd to the 7th
The whole body of a non Biblical religious belief and dogma relating
to, and ultimately worship of, the virgin Mary. In the extreme,
this heresy adheres to the mistaken belief that Mary replaces Jesus as
savior, and using the most base of psychological ploys to tilt the
heavenly power hierarchy in favor of Mary, portrays Jesus as still being an
infant and in such, being under His mother's authority.
The doctrine that the facts of experience are all to be explained
by reference to the reality, activities, and laws of physical or
material substance. Referred to in a negative connotation of being
materialistic instead of spiritual minded..
Scrolls, in regard to the Old Testament canon
The Anointed One; the Christ: in Old Testament teaching; the
name for the promised deliverer of the Hebrews and the Gentiles.
Fulfilled by Jesus.
The thousand years of the coming kingdom of Christ on earth
An event in the natural world, but out of its established order,
only by the intervention of God's divine power
The book containing the Roman Catholic service for the celebration
of mass throughout the year
Regularly organized churches and congregations not having the
"status" of parishes in canon law
The humanistic tendency in religious thought to supplement
Biblical teachings by scientific and philosophical
A doctrine that it is man's free cooperation which makes it
possible for him to perform a good act with God's helping grace.
churches: Christian sects originating in the 5th century which
affirms that Christ had but one nature, the divine alone or a
single compounded nature, and not two natures so united as to
preserve their distinctness
The doctrine of man's moral duties
mortal: That incurring the penalty of eternal death
Moses: The Jewish leader who led the Jews from slavery in Egypt, and was given the ten commandments by God on Mount Sinai.
The belief that knowledge of divine truth or the soul's union with
the divine is attainable by spiritual insight or ecstatic
contemplation without the medium of the senses, reason, or adherence
to God's laws
neophyte: In the early church, a recently baptized Christian.
A failed Alexandrian system of philosophy of the third century, coalescing
God-ordained Jewish and Christian theology with doctrines of Plato
and other Greek philosophers and Oriental mysticism
churches: Churches having the doctrine that Christ had two
distinct natures, the divine and human, subsisting independently
Testament: That portion of the Bible containing the life and
teachings of Christ, including the gospels, the Epistles, the Acts
of the Apostles, and the Revelation of St. John the Divine
In the Roman Catholic Church, a non Biblical "devotion"
consisting of prayer said on nine successive days, asking for some
Testament: The first of the two main divisions of the Bible,
containing the books of the old or Mosaic covenant, and including
the historical books, the prophets, and the books of wisdom
Unlimited and universal power, as a divine attribute to God
The quality of being everywhere present at the same time
Infinite knowledge: an attribute of God
Any of the various grades or degrees of the Christian ministry,
usually referred to as part of the Roman Catholic Church
The rite of consecration to the ministry
The natural corruption and depravity inherent
in all mankind as a consequence of Adam's first sinful
The branch of Christianity prevalent in Greece, Russia and Eastern Europe. Originates as a separate body when the Eastern (Orthodox) church split from the Western (Catholic) church in 1054 AD. Orthodox Christians do not recognize the authority of the Pope, but rather the Patriarch of Constantinople. The Seven Ecumenical Councils are also of special authoritative importance. Orthodox Christianity is characterized by emphasis on
the (Biblically condemned) use of icons.
One who is neither a Christian or a Jew
The part of the Eastern Mediterranean where Jesus lived, part of modern day Israel.
Palm Sunday: The day that Christians remember the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.
Leader of one of the 14 Eastern Orthodox churches.
A Jew who was converted to Christianity and who took the gospel to the Gentiles. Wrote many of the epistles.
Relating to the apostle Paul, his teachings, or writings
Simile; specifically, a short narrative making a moral or
religious point by comparison with natural or homely things
Things passed over, but added as a supplement [capitalized,
the Chronicles, in some versions of the Bible
In the Anglican, Roman Catholic, and some other churches, a
district, usually part of a diocese, with its own church, and in
charge of a priest or other clergyman
(Latin passio, "suffering") The sufferings of Christ, especially in the agony of the garden
and on the cross
Pertaining to a pastor and his work.
(Gk. "father ruler") Generally, an early biblical figure such as Abraham or one of the "church fathers" of the early Christian church. Specifically, the spiritual leader of a major city in Eastern Orthodoxy (the Patriarch of Constantinople is the Pope's Eastern counterpart).
The body of doctrines held by the followers of Pelagius, who
denied original sin, confined grace to forgiveness, and affirmed
that man's unaided will is capable of spiritual good
A non Biblical sacramental rite involving contrition, confession
to a priest, the acceptance of penalties, and absolution
Sorrow for sin, with desire to amend and atone
The first five books of the Bible taken collectively
The festival after Christ's death and resurrection
when the disciples received the empowering filling of the Holy Spirit. Often thought of as the birth of the church.
The doctrines and practices of Pentecostal religious bodies;
especially, religious excitement or emotionalism accompanied by
ecstatic utterances interpreted as the gift of tongues
A religious leader of the Jews at the time of Jesus
A movement in the Lutheran Church in Germany during the latter
17th century, advocating a revival of the devotional ideal
Reverence toward God; religious devoutness
A long journey, especially one made to a shrine or sacred place
The art or practice of disputation; especially, the use of
The act of offering reverent petitions to God
A meeting or gathering for prayer to God; especially,
a Protestant Christian service of worship usually held regularly
on a week night and frequently highlighted by evangelistic or revivalist
A person who delivers a sermon.
The foreordination of all things by God, including the future of men
One who believes in the government of the church by presbyters
The continuation of human existence through
the giving birth of children.
Knowledge of the future (usually said to be obtained from a divine
source.) A prediction uttered under divine inspiration
Predict or reveal through, or as if through, divine inspiration.
Deliver a sermon
The principles and common system of
doctrines taught by Luther, and by the evangelical churches since
God; the Deity
The psalms appointed to be read or sung at any given service
Spurious writing; especially spurious religious writings, falsely
ascribed to Biblical Scriptural characters or times and not
considered as canonical by any branch of the Christian church
A non Biblical Roman Catholic theology; a state of being or place
where the soul of those who have died penitent are made fit for
paradise by expiating venial sins and undergoing any punishment
remaining for previously forgiven sins. A teaching used to collect monetary
"donations" in return for prayers for the dead said to
be trapped in purgatory.
The Hebrew title of the Biblical book of Ecclesiastes.
Protestant denomination started by George Fox who believed that a person should be guided by the Holy Spirit in silent meditation.
The act of transferring a person from one place to another. Believed
by many to be a "catching up" or removal to safety of
all Spirit filled Christians in the last days just before, during,
or after God's wrath on earth.
One who forms opinions by relying upon reason alone, independently
of authority or of revelation: opposed to supernaturalism
Atonement. To be atoned before God of our sins through the
sacrifice made by Jesus.
Jesus Christ. He who redeems us from the punishment due to us from
our sinful nature
Salvation from sin through the atonement of Christ
The impartation of spiritual life by divine grace after the
acceptance of Christ for the atonement of our sins. Brought about
by the indwelling of God's Holy Spirit. Also know as being
a non Biblical belief of rebirth of the soul in successive
bodies; specifically, in Vedic religions.
A turning with sorrow from a past course or action
Any musical hymn, composition, or service for the dead
The documented rising of Christ from the dead on the third day
after His burial; the rising again of all the dead at the day of
the final judgment
A place of religious retirement
The act of revealing or communicating divine truth, especially by
divine agency or supernatural means
A renewal of special interest in and attention to religious
services and duties and the subject of personal salvation
A prescribed form or method for the performance of a religious or
The three days immediately preceding Ascension Day,
observed as days of special supplication by litanies, processions,
The denomination, based in Rome, that is headed by the Pope.
A non-Biblical Roman Catholic ritualistic devotional practice in which 15 sets of ten Hail Marys are recited, each set preceded by the Lord's Prayer and followed by the Gloria Patri. A string of beads is used to count the prayers. The number of sets represents the 15 "mysteries" (five joyful, five sorrowful, five glorious), which are events in the lives of Jesus and Mary.
A direction or rule printed in devotional or liturgical office, as
in a prayer book, missal, or breviary
The seventh day of the week, appointed in the Decalogue as a day
of rest to be observed by the Jews. The Jewish holy day, from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday. The
Christian is considered to be Sunday.
A rite ordained by the church as an outward and visible sign of an
inward and spiritual grace. The Roman Catholics, Orthodox and the Anglicans believe in 7
sacraments; Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, holy orders, forgiveness of sins, anointing of the sick, and Marriage. Most Protestant churches
recognize only the first two of these.
Something which is holy or devoted to God.
All holy, godly, (sanctified through Jesus) Christian persons.
Used incorrectly in reference to being only those persons who have died and have been declared a saint by canonization
through the Roman Catholic church.
Deliverance from sin and its due penalty, realized in a future
state, by acceptance of Jesus as Lord and Savior
A group of people who lived in Samaria at the time of Jesus, considered by the Jews to be
Purification or the making holy by adherence to God's teaching of forgiveness
of sin through His Son Jesus
In the Bible, the great adversary of God and the tempter of
Deliverer, redeemer. Another title for
Jesus; referring to His saving us from eternal punishment
through His dieing in our stead
An unfortunate division of a church into factions
A body of persons distinguished by peculiarities of faith and
practice from other bodies adhering to the same general system
Any that is not of religious attention to God.
Angels described in the Bible as being of the highest order
A discourse based on a passage or text of the Bible, delivered as
part of a church service
A formal and public exercise of worship
A lack of conformity to, or a transgression of, especially when
deliberate, of God's law, precept, or principle. Without
forgiveness of through Jesus, the cause for damnation to eternal
punishment in hell
The Christian holy day; day of rest, and a special time
for worship of God.
A Greek word which means "to look at together". The synoptic gospels are Matthew, Mark and Luke
Son of Man:
Title used 81 times by Jesus to refer to himself in the
The spiritual part of man that survives death and will consciously
experience eternal joy or eternal misery in a future state
(Holy Spirit, Holy Ghost) In the Bible, the creative, animating power and
divine influence of God. The third Person of the Holy Trinity.
Also see: Who
is the Holy Spirit?
The management of estates or affairs not his own
The wounds that Christ received during the Passion and
Crucifixion. However, not prescribed anywhere in the Bible as
being a "sign" of devotion by mankind if
A school, generally attached to some church, in which
religious instruction is given on Sunday, especially to the young
A state of mental and spiritual conflict between heavenly and
The rules and laws of behavior for
mankind given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai. Currently being
denied and removed by the Us federal government from all public
The study of religion, culminating in a synthesis or philosophy of
The Mosaic law; the Pentateuch
Pertaining to God as exalted above the universe
The supernatural transformation of Christ on the mount as
witnessed and recorded
in the gospels, the event described in Mark 9:2-8, Matthew 17:1-8, and Luke 9:28-36, in which Peter, James and John saw Jesus transformed into a glowing heavenly figure and talking with Elijah and Moses.
A mistaken belief that the wine and the bread at the Eucharist actually turn into the body and blood of Jesus. Esp. in the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches.
treasury of merit: (non-Biblical)
The basis for the
Roman Catholic clergy's selling of indulgences for financial gain.
Their heretical teaching states that certain saints (people) while
here on earth performed more good works than was necessary to save
them, and that this "surplus of good works" can be applied to other believers in order to shorten purgatory.
A condition of affliction and distress. A prophesied future period
of time in where God's wrath will be poured out upon the
world in judgment.
Holding or professing belief in the Holy Trinity; The father God,
The Son Jesus, and the Holy Spirit of God
The One God in the three parts; God as Father, God
the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
VERY important, be careful what you
Unforgivable sin: Calling that which is of the Holy Spirit to
be of Satan
The mistaken doctrine of a Protestant denomination which rejects
the Trinity. They accept the ethical teachings of Jesus and
emphasize complete freedom of religious opinion to the extreme,
the importance of personal character over obedience and service to
God and mankind, and the independence of each local congregation.
Rightfully considered by Biblically sound Christians to be a dissident group or cult.
venial: A pardonable offence, or an unpremeditated one.
often used by Catholic clergy as an excuse to offer a paid penance
An evening service, prayer, or song
The non-Biblical Roman Catholic ritual Eucharist, as given on the
verge of death
The disposition to conform to the law of right
A dream like experience of God.
Promises made in the sight of God.
Give testimony to; as in being a witness to the love of God for
mankind through the sacrifice of his only begotten Son, Jesus, for
the forgiveness of our sins
The paying of religious reverence, as in prayer and
the giving of glory, honor and praise to God. Done from the heart
and properly so by the urging and guidance of the Holy Spirit
Zealous for Christ: Marked by active interest and enthusiasm
in proclaiming that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of the living
God, and is our only means of forgiveness of our sins before God.
Considered the major cause for Christian evangelism and the sole empowerment
that allows web designers to spend hundreds of hours designing web sites such as
In Christ, Barry L. Brumfield
1. F.L. Cross and E.A. Livingstone, eds., The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed. (Oxford UP, 1997).
2. Bowker, John, ed., The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions (Oxford UP, 2000).
3. Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. Accessed 2004.
4. Guidance of The Holy Spirit